IU-ECOAQUA participation to the CAETS engineering meeting
The ERA Chair from the IU-ECOAQUA of the University of Las Palmas (Sachi Kaushik) participated to the 2017 meeting of the International Council of Academies of Engineering and Technological Sciences (CAETS –www.caets.org). The event took place on the 14th and 15th of November in Madrid (CAETS Madrid 2017) and brought together experts in Food security, genetic engineering, blue economy and renewable energies as well as representatives of the industry sector, advisors and policy experts. The International Council of Academies of Engineering and Technological Sciences is an independent non-political, non-governmental international organization of engineering and technological sciences academies that include one member academy per country. Since 1978, its objectives are looking forward to:
- Advise governments and international organizations on technical and policy issues related to its areas of expertise;
- Contribute to the strengthening of engineering and technological activities to promote sustainable economic growth and social welfare throughout the world;
- Foster a balanced understanding of the applications of engineering and technology by the public;
- Provide an international forum for discussion and communication of engineering and technological issues of common concern;
- Foster cooperative international engineering and technological efforts through meaningful contacts for development of programs of bilateral and multilateral interest;
- Encourage improvement of engineering education and practice internationally; and
- Foster establishment of additional engineering academies in countries where none exist.
The presentation of Sachi Kaushik, entitled “Aquaculture deals with the production of all kinds of aquatic organisms through human intervention.” Focused on the importance ofaquaculture in the provision of food for the humans. Indeed, it is predicted that by 2050, the continued growth of aquaculture will make the total volume of fishery production above that of any individual terrestrial animal production: beef, poultry or pork. Currently, at the global level, still half of world aquaculture production is represented by seaweeds and microalgae (27 %) and filter-feeding fish (23 %) accomplished with little supply of additional nutrients / feeds into the system. The aquaculture sector is also extremely diversified in terms of the kind and number of species, types of environments or modes of rearing systems. The technologies involved in the production of such organisms in diverse conditions are also very variable where both indigenous simple empirical techniques as well as sophisticated tools are used. Although aquaculture is recognized as an efficient animal production system, there is room for improvement in terms of resource efficiency. Notwithstanding the diversity of species or methods of production, there is a clear need to have an ecosystem approach taking full advantage of the biological potential of the organisms with adequate consideration to environmental and societal factors.